Analytics, its Evolution
What is ‘Analytics’ – A business intelligence application with ready to use components for data analysis, we also refer to it as ‘packaged analytics’. ‘Business Analytics’ refers to analytics applications that support analysis of data collected as part of a business process.
In similar lines we can define an analytics application that supports analysis of data collected as part of a ‘computer user’ daily activity as ‘Personal Analytics’.
Business systems evolved from the state of building custom applications to a state of configurable generic Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems. Now we have configurable generic business intelligence applications called ‘Business Analytics’ which have evolved from the state of building custom business intelligence applications.
The ERP systems are designed to collect the business data where as the Business Analytics systems are designed to analyze the collated business data, so one of the key sources for a Business Analytics application is an ERP system. Data analysis is a next logical step after data collection, the ERP vendors like Oracle, SAP, Microsoft got delayed in addressing this specific requirement of data analysis. In the last two years we have seen some finer business intelligence products being acquired by the ERP vendors. Clearly the customers who are on ERP products would get a better platform that can talk to their ERP applications for data analysis.
It’s a reality that not many companies, at least the larger (>USD 500million) companies would not run their entire business in one ERP system. Consolidating all applications to one single ERP platform will not happen immediately, multiple ERP and custom applications would get added if the company grows through acquisitions, hence existence of multiple transaction systems cannot be avoided. The number of customers embracing packaged analytics from the ERP vendors will increase as the flexibility of the business analytics applications from the ERP vendors matures to accept data from other outside applications.
Logical Data Model to Packaged Reports
The business analytics applications grew step by step as following
- 1. Logical data model – as a first step towards the formation of packaged analytics, companies like IBM, Teradata provided industry specific logical data models (LDM) to help customers build their enterprise data warehouse. The LDM was based on the business process and provided the required jumpstart to enable the integration of data from multiple source systems effectively. We also have certain industry endorsed LDMs like Supply-Chain Operations Reference-model (SCOR), Public Petroleum Data Model(PPDM
- 2. Metrics definition – LDMs led to the next step of defining metrics to measure the performance of the business process. The required data for the metrics that were specific to a business process were extracted (virtually/physically) into data marts as analytic data models in a fact-dimension data model
- 3. Semantic Layers – the next step was the creation of semantic layer over the data mart to enable adhoc querying and report generation
- 4. Reports and Dashboards – then we had set of reports and dashboards delivered over the semantic layer
Still the packaged analytics are positioned as a data mart application addressing specific business process like HR or Customer Relationship, unlike ERP systems which addresses complete end to end business process of an organization…there is still more time to go for an Enterprise Analytics Application to be established.